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NOBLE TITLES, ARBITRATION SENTENCES, ADOPTIONS, SURVEYS, INTERNATIONAL NOBILITY REGISTER, REGISTRATION WITH THE ITALIAN HERALDIC COUNCIL
   
013 NOBLE TITLES, BY CONCESSION OR REFUTE, OFFERING LEGAL ARBITRATION, WHICH IS VALID AS A SENTENCE AND PUBLICATION OF THE DECREE IN THE OFFICIAL REGIONAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ITALY
   
 

013 A – CONCESSION OR REFUTE OF A NOBLE TITLE, PREDICATE AND COAT OF ARMS

The concession of a noble title is not the prerogative of the State, rather they are granted in virtue of the merits recognised the person by power, prerogative, the crown and the discretion of the Pretender Prince to the throne who holds the Fons and Jus Honorum. This concept has always been followed by Reigning Dynasties who lost their throne further to final occupation of the land and, therefore, without debellatio, and therefore the figure of the Pretender prince arose. If a noble title nowadays was well earned and worn with honour, it has the same value as those titles of the past, as anything is effective in the moment it is acquired; i.e. as the noble title is emanated by Sovereign prerogative (rex nobilem tantum facere potest), we have an “object” Sovereign faced with a “subject”; this means the noble title is not of antique or native origin, rather dative. Noble titles that may be conceded ex novo or claimed are: Prince, Duke, Marquis, Count, Viscount, Baron, Nobleman, Patrician, Byzantine Patrician, Sir, Hereditary Knight; these titles can be transmitted to their children or, compatibly with the entitled person’s wishes, to other members or otherwise of the Dynasty or, if preferred, to the male or female agnation. The same goes with Letters Patent or equivalent titles of renewal, recognition, amnesty and consent, including the claim to Arms, qualifications and treatment or lucubration with ex novo outlining of the coat of arms. According to the Constitution (see the XIV transitory and final regulation), the State is not interested whether someone has an antique or new noble title, and does not prohibit its exhibition and use in public and private relationships, nor is the abuse of noble titles considered a crime. This note was necessary to avoid damaging the historic dignity once held by the family – where the title is a demographic reminder – or, in the case of the concession of ex novo noble titles, the historic biography of the person. Likewise a noble title may be transmitted by refute, before a Notary, which means transferring to others, outside the direct succession line, personal, native, granted, recognised, renewed noble titles or titles that a person has inherited; approval is required from all the intermediate heirs for refute to be allowed, i.e. those who would have earned the title through the deed of concession.
The amount of the historic, nobiliary, heraldic, knightly research, including the studies and researches for coats of arms, predicates, the pro veritate opinion, dissertations and the notary authentication of the Letters Patent and/or amnesty of antique or ex novo titles, emanated by the Sovereign body – subject to international public law, will be discussed in a private meeting with the maximum guarantee of secrecy:


NOBLE TITLES, QUALIFICATIONS, COATS OF ARMS AND PREDICATES THAT MAY BE TRANSFERRED:

A Ranks in knightly orders
   
 
A Noble arms (just the concession of coat of arms)
   
 
A Hereditary Knight with the right of crown
   
 
A Noble Title of Noble with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble Title of Patrician and Byzantine Patrician with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Sir with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Baron with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Viscount with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Count with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Marquis with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Duke with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
 
A Noble title of Prince with predicate, coat of arms and qualifications of Don and Donna
   
  013 B – ARBITRATION SENTENCE OF LEGAL, HISTORIC, HERALDIC, NOBILIARY AND KNIGHTLY INVESTIGATION, AND APPROVAL DECREE BY THE ORDINARY COURT

We feel the Magistracy is the only authority which, being the authority to ascertain and protect rights, also protects the most jealously guarded and delicate of a person’s rights, i.e. their name, has the task and power to ascertain the legal existence of a special status in a given family and to declare the right to noble titles, predicates, qualifications and coats of arms annexed to it. Thus motivated, after considerable fatigue expert lawyers have reached an elaborate legal tool, which aims at certifying the current legitimacy to a right claimed by the applicant. Therefore, ascertaining that the noble title, predicate, coat of arms and qualifications are due to the right person, by pronouncing an arbitration sentence, according to current arbitration legislation and articles 806 and following of the Italian Civil Procedure Code, between the holder of the noble title that investigation is requested for and the Supreme Institute of Noble Law. The sentence by the Civil Cassation Court, United sections on 20/05/1965, n. 987, states “the preliminary investigation into the rights to a noble title can be made for various ends: to include the predicate in the surname, for the right to belong to certain associations, to benefit from certain advantages, such as admission to colleges or acquiring study grants…” The Supreme College has observed, including in reference to the sentence by the Civil Cassation Court n. 2087/1961, that “the interlocutory investigations and relative affirmation of the existence of a noble title … must also be considered as implicitly allowed by law and cannot damage the principle of social parity of the citizens, as proclaimed by Art. 3 of the Italian Constitution”. The Arbitration, through a provision issued by the Magistrate requested in the form of a Law, can have the force of a sentence (thus the Constitutional Court, 12 February 1963, n. 2) between the parties, heirs or having legitimate right (Civil Cassation Court, Section III, 29 May 1980, n. 3552) and effective as something judged if it is not refuted under law, Civil Cassation, Section I, 7 February 1963, n. 194. The President of an ordinary court in the Republic of Italy, once the conformity of the arbitration sentence to the legal dispositions has been ascertained, declares it executive within the republic by Decree, by filing it with the Court Registry office and subsequent publication of the Decree in the Official Regional Gazette of the Republic of Italy.
This milestone is an incontestable truth, granting justice to nobility but, above all, to those who claim a heritage of honour and a wealth of virtue, legal activities that are expressed by worthy lawyers and other professionals in the field.
For the legal, notary and arbitration consultation and services, including all the due registrations and heraldic-nobiliary and genealogical memories, excluding the pro veritate opinions, with assistance through to the presentation, declaration and execution by the International Arbitration court – Permanent Body with the European Arbitration Justice Court in Ragusa, formed of arbitration magistrates, 1st level judges, checking the registration of an approval decree of the sentence issued by the President of an Ordinary Court in the Republic of Italy, and registered with the Income Tax office to enable the sentence to be valid, including the costs for publication in the Regional Official Gazette, with further possibility of making the sentence executive in the more than 100 states that signed the New York Convention of 10.06.1958, which was made executive in Italy by Law no. 62 of 19 January 1968, acclaiming, where successful, the noble status of the person who has right, legitimising the right to the noble title, predicate, coat of arms and qualifications if they exist, said deed being valid as a legal-historic-nobiliary investigation sentence before the Italian Magistracy of Noble and Knightly Titles – or the Grand Master of a Knightly Order and the position as subject to international public law, pursuant to law no. 178 of 3 March 1951 – and with the annexed predicates and other rights, coat of arms and qualifications, granted by a sovereign or a pretender prince to the throne and legally ascertained holder of fons honorum,

- - Time required for the arbitration sentence 180 days
- € 30.000,00 for noble titles
- € 70.000,00 for knightly orders

   
014 NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION

The Italian Heraldic Council can propose adoption by noble Italian families, with civil effect, or, further to an agreement with an important German law office, the paperwork regarding international adoption with civil effect by important European noble families, governed jointly by German law (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch BGB, §§ 1767 - 1772) and the relative international convention (concluded on 29 May 1993). The adoption is valid in all the states that signed this convention (including Italy; the site http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=states.listing, gives a list of the signing states), which means the surname of the adopting family may be used including the noble title in the surname in fact, after the Weimar Constitution, the title has become an integral part of the surname in Germany. The list of the noble adopting families (more than eighty) is confidential: Freiherr means baron; Graf count, Prinz prince, &c.), however we are authorised to mention a few (Graf Bernadotte af Wisborg, Swedish, related to the King of Sweden; Graf von Hardenberg; Graf von Thun und Hohenstein; Freiherr Treusch von Buttlar-Brandenfels; Prinz von Schoenburg-Waldenburg ). For example, if someone was adopted by Count Bernadotte af Wisborg, his new surname in the Italian population registers and on his identity card would be Mario Graf Bernadotte af Wisborg Rossi.

- Costs and times to be fixed
   
015 EXTRAJUDICIAL SWORN EXAMINATIONS, RATIFYINGS, ADMISSIONS OF NOBLE TITLES, RENEWALS, CONCESSIONS, QUALIFICATIONS AND TREATMENTS FOR BOURGEOIS AND NOBLE COATS OF ARMS, NOBLE PREDICATES, REFUTES, NOBILIARY AND FAMILIAR AGGREGATIONS, ANY KIND OF CLAIM, ALSO WITH THE HELP OF KNIGHTLY ORDERS AND SOVEREIGN FAMILIES ON THE THRONE OR PRETENDERS TO THE THRONE, PRO VERITATE OPINIONS
 




They are studied by a college of experts who give their technical-heraldic, cannon, legal-nobiliary or knightly opinion, drafting a motivated report to establish the truth or otherwise about the subject proposed by the customer. These reports are not just consultation, but also help to learn about the social, technical, legal, historic-heraldic, genealogical and etymological studies, with special interest in protecting the historic-nobiliary, bourgeois and knightly values, both at home and abroad. We give special attention to: Heraldics, Archiving systems, Axiography, Chronology, Diplomacy, Epigraphy, Erinnofilia, Etymology, Numismatics, Iconography, Iconology, Medallistics, Onomatology, Palaeography, Patrology, Sphragistics, Symbology, history of clothing, traditions and customs, Histography and other subjects and sciences.

- Costs and times to be fixed
   
016 ENROLMENT WITH THE ITALIAN HERALDIC COUNCIL – MARQUIS VITTORIO SPRETI INSTITUTE ®
 


Any person or Board may enter our Association, on condition they share our principles, accept the Articles of Association and are welcomed by the Senatus Academicus. To become a member, applicants have to present their written application to the Senatus Academicus, accompanied by : a) birth certificate; b) marriage certificate (if married); c) residence certificate; d) qualifications; e) Extract certificate of the criminal records office; f) curriculum vitae, specifying any noble titles, knightly ranks or merits, dynastic or papal received by the person, his parents or ancestors. The status of member is lost by: a) death; b) resignation; c) cancellation and expulsion, due to serious violation of the Articles of Associations and Rules. Any member may resign from the Association in which case it becomes effective when it is accepted by the Senatus Academicus, which may, however, hold it in abeyance until such time as any outstanding amounts owed by the person to the Association have been paid, returning the funds and property of the Association and waiving all the rights to use the Italian Heraldic Council and the relative symbols and coats of arms. When the applicant is accepted, a certificate will be issued testifying that he is an effective member of the Institute. Investigation requires 60 working days.
   
  016 A EFFECTIVE LISTENER MEMBER

Any member who takes active part in the Italian Heraldic Council or who, after admission, is called on to be part of the Heraldic Tribune, an internal board of the Italian Heraldic Council, will have the right to a consulting vote.

- application fee: € 300.00 – Annual renewal: € 150.00

   
  016 B CORRESPONDING MEMBER

A person chosen among those people who study historic, heraldic, nobiliary, matters, among genealogists, palaeographers and lovers of similar sciences.

- application fee, € 200.00 – Annual renewal: € 100.00

   
  016 C SUPPORTER MEMBER

People who support the Association and its purposes with inheritances, donations and assignments; they can also vote.

- Free annual donation
   
017 INTERNATIONAL REGISTER OF NOBILITY AND KNIGHTS (COURTESY PASSPORT)
 




An enrolment and membership inventory, which gives all the academic, honorific, noble, knightly and other titles due to the person. The register reports the personal dignity, which, unfortunately, our rhetoric politics impoverishes, disqualifying our dignity putting our merits and values at the lowest level, forgetting the glorious and sacred memories. It seals the ancient and new noble distinctions and knightly titles, which, in the majority of cases, are part of a people’s history. It represents a private property card that cannot be denied and which cannot be repealed or disowned by any change in regime. The Heraldic Tribunal, a promulgation of the Italian Heraldic Council, acts as intermediary to integrate the titles and predicates with suitable and private measures, recognising their moral dignity and high social importance. The certificate testifying enrolment with the register is granted after careful examination and a resolution. It measures cm. 10 x 15. It is printed in four languages. There is space below the photo for authentication by a notary. The Courtesy Passport is auxiliary to the official documents granted by the State. It is a precious document issued by a Private Board and of public utility, without any legal value. It allows the holder to be received and recognised on the grounds of his social status. Bound in red leather, with gold hot printed symbols. Forecast delivery in 60 working days.
017 A - Dossier examination, € 80.00
017 B - Enrolment with the International Nobility and Knightly Register and issue of the Certificate on parchment, € 150.00
017 C - International Courtesy Passport, € 450.00
017 D - Annual renewal, € 100.00